Fingerprint concept in context of Food Safety and Biosecurity. Short communication

Authors:

B. Vaipan, Mihaela-Gianina Fraiu, Oana-Alina Marcu, Ioana Teodora Iosivuț, B. Mario, A. Rinovetz, T.I. Trașcă,  A.Riviș, Nicoleta Hădărugă, Corina Mișcă, Ariana Velciov, G. Hegheduș-Mîndru, Delia  Dumbravă, P.B. Rădoi, Corina Megyesi, Laura Rădulescu

 

Volume 29, Issue 4;
Pages: 386-388; 2023
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551

 

Abstract:

Accelerated growth of food supply and mobility, an effect of globalisation, is a main food security and biosecurity issue. Specialized studies confirm that causal determinants of fingerprinting are geographical and genetic origin. Indicators for assessing the impact of agricultural practices, processing and/or storage on chemical/sensory composition, identification of new bioactive compounds, food fingerprint generators. In response, new approaches from perspective of molecular biology, enzymology (e.g. genomics, proteomics, metabolomics ((fingerprinting markers), "come to rescue" and complement classical fingerprinting methodologies for verifying claims about the origin and nutritional availability of a food. In the last decade, proteomics (= analysis/identification of proteins as fingerprint markers, from a defined biological system) has been applied to various research areas in area of food technologies. Since proteins can be used as markers for a wide range of food attributes, "signalling point transformations" induced by processing operations, they can be additional evidence of food safety/biosecurity.

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