Eco-innovation and the creating of green jobs

Authors:

Steluța V. Radu

 

 

Volume 29, Issue 2;
Pages: 138-148; 2023
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551

Abstract:

In this experimental research we followed the possibilities of eco-innovation at the level of the green economy which implicitly generates entrepreneurship in environmental business, as well as green jobs. Following the experience of states with a developed economy and the actions of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), since 2008 public policies have been issued in the direction of eco-innovation in the USA, Brazil, for energy regeneration and the creation of ecological goods and services. This trend has also forced the establishment of new businesses and new green workplaces, to replace those areas of activity that can destroy the environment in the medium and long term. Most green jobs are in the United States today. Romania has adapted to the new guidelines on Ecological Policy, but Romanian companies have registered a stagnation in eco-innovation because changing the trend of activity of these companies from an industrial economy to an ecological economy is not an economic, financial advantage, because innovation means additional costs and declining economic results. Thus, the current trends of Romania and the European Union are focused on identifying the most efficient regeneration and recycling activities, along with the formation of certain categories of staff, professional reconsideration or qualification for green jobs. The results of the experimental study indicate that the activities of efficiency of renewable resources in Romania compared by European Union are on the first place in saving solar energy in proportion of 72% in Romania compared to 67% in the European Union, followed by material savings of 60% in Romania compared by 59% in the EU, water saving of 57% in Romania compared by 51% in the European Union, distribution of ecological services of 11% in Romania compared by 17.5% in the EU, waste reduction with 52% in Romania compared by 67% in the EU, the development of technical consulting for ecological products and services of 10% in Romania compared by 18% in the EU.

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