Determination of Fatty Acids and Minerals from Balantes Aegyptiaca Fruit Kernel (retracted)


Abdalwahab Ahmed, Yasir Mustafa, Hana Abdalgadir


Volume 29, Issue 2;
Pages: 119-126; 2023
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551


Balanites aegyptiaca, particularly its fruit, is often used as food and in traditional medicine and herbalists throughout Africa and Asia for the treatment of many ailments. The fruit kernel has a high concentration of oil and minerals. The aim of this study to examine fatty acids in the oil and minerals in the fruit kernel. The Samples collected from Heglig area west Sudan and prepared for analysis using solvent extraction and acid digestion methods. The fatty acids content was identified using chromatography mass spectrometer (GC-MS) as well as minerals have been detected by adopting inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The oil contained 41.66% unsaturated fatty acids and 58.33% saturated fatty acids and variety of minerals, the highest amount belonged to Sulfur (6.9 ppm), phosphorous (2.2 ppm) and iodine (2 ppm). GC-MS analysis observed 12 different proportions of fatty acid, Linoleic acid, Stearic acid and Oleic acid has a peak.

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