Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit and seeds: Composition, using and bioactive properties- A review

Authors:

Mehmet Musa Özcan


Volume 28, Issue 2;
Pages: 134-144; 2022
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551

Abstract:

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.), which has always played an important role in the economic and social life of people in arid and semi-arid regions of the world, is considered the most important food source for humans.  Saudi Arabia is considered as one of the most important producers and exporters specially fort he Deglet Nour variety. It also meets many needs such as dates, edible fruits, sugar and building materials.  Date fruit is used to enrich daily foods or as a natural nutritional supplement because it contains phenolic compounds, essential amino acids, fatty acids, minerals and sugars for healthy and normal organism development. The seeds, which are considered as an important waste after processing the date fruit into various beverages and sugary products, constitute approximately 6.10-18.00% of the fruit. In this review, the proximate properties, oil content, fatty acid composition, tocopherol and sterol contents and bioactive properties, using of date fruit and seed were explained.

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