Comparison of blood parameters in pigs with confirmed African Swine Fever from an outbreak in Constanta County versus healthy pigs


Larisa Anghel (Cireasa), Maria-Virginia Tanasa (Acretei), Razvan Mardare, Carmen Chifiriuc, Natalia Roșoiu

Volume 28, Issue 2;
Pages: 171-174; 2022
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551


The objective of our study was to emphasize the correlation between blood parameters and different viremia stages of African Swine Fever infection. For this purpose, blood on EDTA samples were taken for complete blood count. The first group of pigs analysed was represented by one saw, aged 18 months and 14 young feeder pigs, aged 6 months from a confirmed African Swine Fever outbreak a day before the test was conducted. The control group consisted of 5 normal pigs all aged 9 months. Our results show a corelation found between clinical signs and the blood parameters (WBC, PLT, RBC) measured using URIT-3000Plus Haematology Analyser. Of the 15 pigs confirmed with ASF, group I represented by 3 pigs were in critical condition presenting signs of fever and loss of appetite (WBC 6.3 – 7.2; PLT 16 -74; RBC 1.86 - 5.87), group II represented 5 pigs were moderately affected (WBC 8.0 – 11.9; PLT 36 - 263; RBC 5.29 – 6.48), group III represented 4 pigs were slightly affected (WBC 21.9 - 23.6; PLT 37 - 191; RBC 5.15 – 7.53). and group IV represented 3 pigs were not show-ing any signs of disease (WBC 13.4– 18.1; PLT 86 - 241; RBC 6.69 – 6.87) The study of the control group of animals that were not under known pathogen challenges showed that they had no signifi-cant differences for WBC 11.8- 12.1; PLT 235- 246 and RBC 5.58- 5.64. Our results showed a sig-nificant correlation between the clinical signs of the affected pigs and the haematological values compared to the healthy pigs tested.

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