Distrubution of heavy metals and other elements in orange and pomegranate powders treated as natural tobacco filter in Indian and imported brands during inhalation

Authors:

Mehmet Musa Özcan, Nurhan Uslu, Fatma Gökmen, Nesim Dursun, Duygu Akçay Kulluk, Nazlı Can Sağlık, Sait Gezgin

Volume 27, Issue 2;
Pages: 128-132; 2021
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551

Abstract:
Pomegranate powder filter material treated for local and import cigarettes contained 51.33 and 64.06 mg/kg Fe, 8.52 and 7.92 mg/kg Cu, 4.74 and 11.45 mg/kg Mn, 287.02 and 270.12 mg/kg Na, 0.94 and 0.87 mg/kg Ni, 0.00 and 0.87 mg/kg Cd, 0.00 and 0.88 mg/kg Cr, 472 and 7.02 mg/kg Zn, and 28.34 and 24.60 mg/kg Boron (B), respectively. In addition, orange powder filter material treated for local and import cigarettes contained 36.67and 26.98 mg/kg Fe, 6.8 and 4.17 mg/kg Cu, 5.13 and 3.61 mg/kg Mn,0.00 and 0.31 mg/kg Mo, 221.42 and 58.19 mg/kg Na,0.85 and0.33 mg/kg Ni, 0.00 and0.01 mg/kg Co, 0.00 and 0.04 mg/kg Cd, 0.00 and 0.18 mg/kg Cr 4.27 and 3.43 mg/kg Pb, 5.15 and 4.96 mg/kg Zn, and 13.73 and 10.89 mg/kg B, respectively. Also, water treated for import and local cigarettes without orange and pomegranate filter during inhalation contained 0.03 and 0.01 mg/kg Fe, 0.04 and 0.03 mg/kg Cu,4.75 and 4.64 mg/kg Na, 0.05 and 0.01 mg/kg Pb,0.02 and 0.01 mg/kg Zn, and 0.01 and 0.00 mg/kg B, respectively. In general, the distribution of elements in pomegranate and orange filters of both local and imported brands was higher than the respective tobacco.
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