Oil Contents and Fatty Acid Composition of Oat (Avena sativa L.) Seed and Oils

Authors:
Bagcı Ahmet, Gecgel Umit, Ozcan Mehmet Musa, Dumlupınar Ziya, Uslu Nurhan

Volume 25, Issue 4;
Pages: 182-186; 2019
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551
Abstract:
In this study, the oil content and fatty acid composition of grains of oat genotypes are were determined. Oil contents of oat grains changed between 0.70% (TL69) and 3.92% (TL6). The highest oil contents were determined in TL6, TL8 and TL 21 oat genotype samples. The major fatty acids were palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids. Palmitic acid contents of oat grain oils changed between 10.82% (TL71) and 22.43% (TL21). In addition, while oleic acid contents of oat oils are found between 19.59% b(TL37) and 37.86% (TL8), linoleic acid contents changed between 18.91% (TL8) and 54.00% (TL37). While saturated fatty acid contents of oil samples are determined between 15.57% (TL71) and 34.38% (TL6), unsaturated fatty acid contents changed between 65.62% (TL6) and 84.24% (TL71). In addition, oat grain oils are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (except TL21 and TL69).
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