Co-occurrence of aflatoxins and fumonisins in corn food from Serbia in the 2012 production year

Sandra M. Jakšić, Nadežda B. Prica, Željko A. Mihaljev, Milica M. Živkov Baloš, Bojana Z. Prunić, Igor M. Stojanov, Biljana F. Abramović

Volume 21, Issue 4;
Pages: 338-344; 2015
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551
Climate conditions in Serbia in the 2012 production year were favorable for fungal growth and mycotoxins production. The presence of fumonisins and aflatoxins in diverse corn-based food was examined using ELISA methods. The applied methods are rapid; demonstrate satisfactory repeatability and recovery rates 99% and 101% for total fumonisins and aflatoxins, respectively. Analysis of samples from 2012 revealed fumonisin contamination in all investigated samples, whereas aflatoxin contamination was detected in 55% of samples. The content of fumonisins did not exceed the maximum permitted level prescribed by the relevant Serbian, i.e., EU Regulation, whereas 3 samples were declared unacceptable due to increased aflatoxin content. High linear correlation coefficient (r = 0.947; p < 0.005) between fumonisin and aflatoxin contents in maize products was obtained. The results of the analysis of food for human nutrition strongly suggest the need for such monitoring and control.
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