The influence of fertilization (organic and mineral) on dry matter and sugar accumulation in the Sunheaven peach cultivars under the conditions of the Banat s field area

B. Costea, A. Lăzureanu

Volume 18, Issue 3;
Pages: 204-207;
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former ISSN: 1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online): 2068-9551
The Sunhaven peach cultivar is a species most often present in the plain area of Banat and in the regions of Dobrogea. This species is recommended to be cultivated in the plain area of Banat and in the regions of Dobrogea because of its peculiarities of growth and fruit bearing and because of its plasticity. Although the fruits are not attractive in appearance, they have a unique flavor and they taste very good. Several genetic factors have been demonstrated to influence the production, both quantitatively and qualitatively. But beside the genetic factors, the environmental factors are playing a very important role, as well. For this reason the peach tree cannot be cultivated in cold climate areas, or in northern climates with surface-groundwater. From this point of view, the Banat plain area meets all requirements for the cultivation of the Sunhaven peach cultivars. Fertilization is another important aspect of proper peach tree cultivation. If fertilizers are not applied, the peach tree is not encouraged to reach its full potential. Regarding the fruit-bearing age, the peach tree very often bears some fruit (the second year from the seed), but for the process of coming into bearing the peach tree needs proper fertilization, in order to influence the quantity and quality of production. The research that was carried out on the tree-vineyard plantation of the University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine of the Banat Timişoara demonstrates that the application of both mineral and organic fertilizers has a great influence on the dry matter and sugar accumulation in the Sunhaven peach cultivars.
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