Characterization of sour cherries (Prunus cerasus) kernel oil cultivars from Banat

Viorica-Mirela Popa, Corina Misca, Despina Bordean, Diana-Nicoleta Raba, D. Stef, Delia Dumbrava

Volume 17, Issue 4;
Pages: 398-401;
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former: ISSN:1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online):2068 – 9551
The sour cherries were collected from Banat, west Romania. The microbiological quality, the mineral composition (Cu, Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn) and the chemical composition, including moisture, total oil content and ash, was determined. The technique of oil extraction was implemented organic solvent extraction. Iodine value, saponification value, acid value and peroxide value of obtained sour cherries kernel oil was analyzed. The fatty acids composition was analyzed with HPLC method according to AOAC standards. Sour cherries kernel oil was found to contain high levels of oleic (42.9 %), followed by linoleic (38.2 %), while the dominant saturated acids were palmitic (11 %) and stearic (6.4%).
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