Nutritional disease:Bowel conditions and diseases

Daniela Radu, Adriana Marinescu, M.S. Teodorescu, B. Rădoi

Volume 17, Issue 2;
Pages: 138-147;
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former: ISSN:1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online):2068 – 9551
Inflamatory bowel disease can encompass many different disorders which irritate the bowel, including Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis.

These deseases can develop important complications which requiring emergency surgery. Both, Crohns and ulcerative colitis are ulcer-causing conditions. Crohns refers to ulcers in the intestines and ulcerative colitis means ulcers in the colon. Crohns disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause that can involve any portion of the intestinal tract. Inflammation can extend entirely through the intestinal wall, often resulting in diarrhea, strictures (narrowing), fistulas (abnormal opening), malabsorption and the need for surgical resections of portions of the digestive tract. Material and methods: In 1-st Surgical Clinic of the Medicine and Pharmacy Victor Babes Timisoara, County Emergency Hospital in a period of 36 years (1974-2010) we had treating 9748 patients with complications of such inflammatory deseases, representing almost 15% of total surgeries.

Results: part from the problems of surgery, recovery after surgery depending on the severity of complications and extent of surgery, remains the permanent treatment of chronic illness. One big problem was to convince patients of the need for permanent postoperative diet.

Conclusions: Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases are serious diseases and their complications and evolution need treatment and diet which requires constant attention; Compliance by the surgical patients of postoperative indications, mainly diet recommended prevents all these diseases recurrence.
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