Incidence of aflatoxins and fumonisins in cereal food from Serbian market

Sandra M. Jakšić, Biljana F. Abramović, Bojana Z. Prunić, Željko A. Mihaljev, Milica M. Živkov Baloš, Igor M. Jajić, Vesna N. Despotović, Luka J. Bjelica

Volume 17, Issue 2;
Pages: 108-112;
ISSN: 2069-0053 (print) (former: ISSN:1453-1399), Agroprint;
ISSN (online):2068 – 9551
Cereal food has an important role in traditional Serbian nutrition and is also very attractive in modern nutrition as so-called `healthy food`. Cereals are possible sources of mycotoxins, but there is not enough information about their presence in food produced in Serbia. To investigate the incidence of aflatoxins and fumonisins, different cereal foods were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. The used methods appeared to be rapid and reproducible, with recovery of 94.3% for aflatoxins and 98.0% for total fumonisins. In 33.3% of samples, content of aflatoxins was above the limit of detection, but in all samples it was lower than the maximum allowed by Serbian regulations. In four out of five analyzed corn food samples, content of fumonisins was detectable, but lower than the limit set by the regulations of the European Union. The results showed the necessity of such tests.
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